What is the Turing Test, How and When Was It Passed?
The Turing Test was developed in the 1950s by British mathematician and computer scientist Alan Turing. The basic principle of the test is: A person (Asker of Questions)
What is the Turing Test, How and When Was It Passed?
The Turing Test is a test that plays an important role in the field of artificial intelligence. The purpose of the test is to determine at what point an artificial intelligence can convince a person in his conversations with humans.
The Turing Test was developed in the 1950s by British mathematician and computer scientist Alan Turing. The basic principle of the test is: A person (Asker of Questions) is put in two chambers, one to man and the other to artificial intelligence (Answerer). The Questioner asks the Answerers specific questions and tries to determine which of the answers he will receive is given by the human being. If the Questioner cannot confuse the machine (50%) with the human, then the test is considered passed.
The Turing Test has been done many times since the 1950s. However, since the validity rate set by Turing is considered 50%, exactly when the test was passed is debatable. In some examples, artificial intelligence programs can easily deceive people. However, it is still unknown how much the Turing Test distinguishes from a real pass.
Overall, the Turing Test focuses on proving that artificial intelligences have a human-like thought process. With advances in the field of artificial intelligence, it is becoming increasingly possible to pass this test. However, a completely precise and objective crossing point has not yet been determined.
The Turing Test is a test of great importance in the field of artificial intelligence. This test is used to determine how convincing a machine is in conversations with people. Developed by Alan Turing in the 1950s, this test aims to measure how close an artificial intelligence’s behavior is to human behavior.
The Turing Test is basically based on a human (the one who asks the question) and two separate rooms (human in one, the one the artificial intelligence responder). The questioner tries to determine which answer is given by the human by analyzing the answers in both rooms. If the machine can give indistinguctive answers from human, it is considered to have passed the Turing Test.
This test is one of the most popular tests used to measure artificial intelligence’s ability to mimic human-like thought processes. However, no precise crossing point of the test has been determined. Turing has considered the validity rate to be 50%, meaning an artificial intelligence that can trick 50 percent of people is considered to have passed this test. However, since we do not have complete knowledge, there is no specific time or example where we can qualify the Turing Test as “past”.
With the rapid developments in the field of artificial intelligence, the number of artificial intelligence passing the Turing Test is increasing. For example, in 2014, an artificial intelligence program called Eugene Goostman was claimed to have passed the Turing Test. However, some critics have noted that this conclusion is controversial and that more research and development is needed to prove a real transition.
In conclusion, the Turing Test is a test used to determine whether artificial intelligence has a human-like thought process. However, it is difficult to set a standard for it to be fully passed or accepted. However, considering that artificial intelligence has reached a level that can easily deceive people, the importance and value of this test is increasing.
Let’s say a Turing Test is performed and a human (the one asker) and two rooms (one human and the other artificial intelligence responder) are used. The questioner tries to distinguish which answer is given by the human, based on the answers from both rooms.
The questioner asks the people in the rooms specific questions and tries to decide according to the answers they will receive. The goal here is to test the AI respondent’s ability to act like a human being. If the AI responder can impressively trick the questioner and pretend to be a real person, he will pass the Turing Test.
For example, asking, “How is the weather today?” He can direct the question to both rooms. While the human responder responds a real-time response like a real human, the artificial intelligence responder program can also give a human-like response because it is programmed according to the structure. If the questioner cannot distinguish the respondent’s answerer from that of the real human, there is potential to pass the Turing Test.
Of course, a single question or answer is not enough to pass the Turing Test. It is usually tested over a long period of time and with different questions. During this time, the artificial intelligence respondent needs to continue to convince people.
Although there is no exact standard for passing the Turing Test, a 50% validity rate is generally accepted. That is, if the AI responder succeeds by 50% at misleading people, they are considered to have passed the Turing Test.
As a result, the Turing Test is a test used to assess whether artificial intelligence exhibits human-like behaviors. It is intended to see how successful artificial intelligence programs are to imitate a real person and mislead them. However, although it is difficult to determine a complete transition point, we observe that artificial intelligence is at a level that can easily deceive people.